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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-82

Morphological phenotypes of acute leukaemias in north eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Haematology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, PMB 1414, Maid uguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital , Kano , Kanostate, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S G Ahmed
Department of Haematology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, PMB 1414, Maid uguri, Borno State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The frequencies of morphological phenotypes of 95 cases of acute leukaemias (AL) diagnosed during 1995- at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital ([ TMTH) were analysed. Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), predominantly seen in adults (age?_l5 years), was diagnosed in 53 cases out of which 16 cases (30.2%), 27 cases (50.9%) and 10 cases (18.9%) were of M1, M2 and Jvf3 morphological subtypes re,,pectivelv. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL), predominantly seen in children (age< 15 years) was diagnosed in -12 cases out (){which 9 cases (21:4%), 27 cases (64.3%) and 6 cases (14.3%) were of L1, L2 and L3 subtypes respectivelv. The overall higher frequency of AML (55.8%) relative to ALL (44.2%) may be due to the current economic difficulties and can be to change in the future in favour of ALL if the standard of living of the general population is improved.

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