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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 121-125

Awareness and compliance of women of childbearing age in a nigerian urban community with the tt1 - tt5 immunization schedule

1 Department of Community Medicine, LA UTECH College of Health Sciences, Osogbo, Nigeria
2 Department of Guidance & Counseling Faculty of Education University of IIorin, Nigeria

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J O Bamidele
Department of Community Medicine, LA UTECH College of Health Sciences, Osogbo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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This cross-sectional survey assessed the level of awareness and compliance of the women o childbearing age in a tertiary institution in Southwest Nigeria with the TT1-TT5 immunization schedule, a major strategy, introduced in 1989. for the global elimination of maternal and neonatal tetanus. The study revealed that only 36 .3% of the respondents were aware of the schedule and only 35.8% have so far commenced the schedule. The higher educational level of the women surveyed not withstanding, was not positively associated (p > O.O) with their awareness or compliance of the TT1 - TT5 immunization schedule. However, the respondents' occupation/profession was found to be positively associated (p < 0.05). Only 10.4% of the respondents have received at least two doses o the tetanus toxoid (TT2+) immunization which,fallfar below the recommended 80% or more needed to achieve and maintain neonatal tetanus (NT) elimination. Some reasons given by the respond ents for non-compliance were lack of information on the need for the schedule, lack of organized campaign to make it mandatory and non-availability of the TT vaccine in the health centres during respondents' visits. The study concluded that there is a ' wide gap b tween policy formulation for the TT1-TT5 schedule and the actual practice among a relatively educated population of women of childbearing age surveyed. Recommendations are given as to how the awareness and compliance can be increased among the target population

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