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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-63

Immunisation coverage at a primary health care level in Nigeria(with emphasis on maternal and neonatal tetanus)

Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) School of Health Sciences, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria

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A O Olowu
Department of Community Medicine, (LAUTECH) School of Health Sciences, Osogbo
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Deaths f rom vaccine-preventable diseases continue to contribute significantly to infant mortality, hence the global d rive against their eradication , especiall y neonatal tetanus and poliomyelitis. T his study set ou t to e valuate the level of awareness and utilization of childhood and maternal tet anus and childhood immunisation programmes at a Primary H ealth Centre, Atelowo in Osogbo, N igeria. The immunisation record was evaluated with regard s to the pattern of maternal tetanus toxoid (TT) administration and childhood immunisation . w ere 209 mothe r-baby pairs and of these, 18 (8.6) had BCG vaccination , 49 (23.4%); DPTl / OPV l, 47 ( 22 .5% ) ; D PT2/0PV2 and 23 ( 11%) ; DPT3/0PV3 . No infant received OPVO . Only (4 .3% ) of 209 babies were immunised against measles . Concerning maternal TT administration, 109 (52.2%) and 74 ( 35 .4 %) had TTl and TT2 , respectivel y . general apath y toward s immunisation was observed, with only 4 .3% of babies bein g available b y nine months of age ; the same tren d was noticed with maternal immunization . T herefore suggest ed is a house-to-house campaign for immunization and a restructuring of t he monit oring systems of t he programmes .

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