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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56-59

An audit of diagnostic cytology in a teaching hospital in Sokoto, Nigeria

1 Department of Pathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Pathology University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S A Malami
Department of Pathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: An audit of the pattern of utilization of the diagnostic cytology service at UDUTH, Sokoto, was done to highlight perceived shortcomings and establish Its cost effectiveness. Materials and Methods: A retrospective descriptive review of cytology tests done in 495 patients were evaluated. Results: These were principally fine needle aspirations (334) followed by voided urine (55), ascitic fluid taps (38) and others (68). Among the aspirations; breast and lymph node swellings predominated. There were no significant complications with fine needle aspiration (FNA) in our experience. The overall sensitivity of cytology for the five commonest sites in this study was 90.0% and the specificity was 77.3%. This is comparable with results obtained in previous studies. Conclusion: Diagnostic cytopathology is a useful adjunct to histology and could significantly improve the quality of patient care in our own environment. It is hoped that these simple investigations would be used more often In the future for the diagnosis of tumours and common inflammatory conditions.

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