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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 134-138

Assessment of cognition in chronic alcoholics in maiduguri, Nigeria

1 Departments of Medicine, *State S pecialist Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
2 Departments of Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
3 Departments of Medicine, Federal Neuropsychiatry Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F Salawu
P.O. Box 246, Maiduguri 600001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Intellectual impairment is a devastating complication of alcohol abuse. The consequences of intellectual impairment are far-reaching, particularly for young people in their most reprod uctive years. Objectives: To determine whether there are differences in cognition between Nigerian chronic alcoholics and non-alcoholic controls. Method: Sevent y non-intoxicated chronic alcoholics and 70 non-alcoholic controls were compared using the modified Community Screening Instrument for Dementia. were matched for age, gender and educational level. The alcoholics were classified in two sub­ groups based on their consumption of ethanol per occasion on jive or more days in the past 30 days: light drinkers (<5 alcoholic drinks) (n=45) and heavy drinkers (≥alcoholic drinks) (n=25). Results: Overall, non-alcoholics performed better than alcoholics In most of the entire neuropsychological measures. However, light drinker performed better than heavy drinkers in one function domain ( orientation to place p<0.0001). Conclusion: Cognitive decline occur In un-intoxicated Nigerian chronic alcoholics and appear to be ind e pendent of quality of ethanol consumed.

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