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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

Awareness of the risk of cigarette smoking among patients in north east Nigeria

1 Department of Medicine, State Specialist Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria
2 Respiratory Unit, Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Nigeria

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F Salawu
P.O. Box 246, Maiduguri, 600001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: There is paucity of information about awareness of the risks of cigarette smoking in Northern Nigeria. Objective: To determine patients' smoking habits and their awareness of the risk of cigarette smoking. Method: Cross-sectional hospital-based survey carried out between November 2005 and January 2006 on adult Nigerians attending medical outpatient clinics of the State Specialist Hospital, Maiduguri. Each patient completed a questionnaire on smoking habits and associated risk. Results: One thousand two hundred and thirty-two patients comprising 805 men and 427 women were recruited into the study. Of the total respondents, 1074 (87.2%) were non-smokers, leaving 158 (12.8%) smokers comprising 4 females and 154 men. A majority of respondents were unaware of the effects of cigarette smoking. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of the risks of smoking was very low in the study population. A response to the public health problem of tobacco therefore needs to be Intensified.

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