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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 72-78

Anorectal abscesses: A review of presentation and management

1 Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre Gomber, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, LAUTECH College of Health Sciences, Osogbo, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
E O Ojo
Department of Surgery, Federal Medical Centre, P.M.B. 37, Gombe, Gombe State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Anorectal abscesses are surgical emergencies that demand early and appropriate intervention. However, perianal symptoms and local inflammation that are the main features in majority of cases may be lacking to localize and diagnose this condition thereby leading to a diagnostic conundrum with delayed or improper treatment and dire consequences. Objective: This study reviews the aetiology, various modes of presentation of this disease entity and its treatment to facilitate an early diagnosis and intervention. Method: A review of literature on the subject was carried out using internet, pubmed medline seach and review of journals. Outcome: Those patients with unusual and subtle presentations are more likely to suffer the dire consequences of the disease. Conclusion: There is the need for awareness of the various modes of presentations and management of this entity. It should also be considered as a differential diagnosis of causes of low back and pelvic pains to stem the consequences associated with mis-diagnosing and treating this condition.

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