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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-73

Diet, alcohol consumption and serum lipid levels of elderly men and women of ibo extraction in the Delta

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
2 Department of Dietetics, Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Center, Asaba, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
U C Okonkwo
Department of Internal Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi. Anambra state
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Serum lipid levels are directly associated with the development and progression of coronary heart disease especially in the elderly and lifestyle factors can modify this association. This study aims to determine the effect of diet and alcohol consumption on lipid profile of elderly subjects in Asaba, Delta state. Method: Elderly subjects attending quarterly medical lectures organized by a non-governmental organization at the Federal Medical Center, Asaba were recruited. Information on diet, alcohol consumption and hypertension were obtained and serum lipids were determined using standard cholesterol/ LDL cholesterol precipitating reagents. Results: They were 110 males and 66 females. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 47%. Elevated total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol was associated with consumption of high fatty diet and absence/high alcohol consumption, although, this was not statistically significant (p=0.3). Conclusion: Dyslipidaemia is prevalent in our elderly population and low dietary fat and moderate alcohol consumption are associated with better lipid parameters

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