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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-98

Kidney disease and children: Experience from the World Kidney Day 2016 campaign in Benin City, Nigeria

Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Moses Temidayo Abiodun
Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/smj.smj_62_16

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Background: There is a rising burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in all regions of the world. Hence, there is a need to enlighten the public on renal protective lifestyle. We evaluated the impact of the World Kidney Day (WKD) 2016 awareness campaign in four schools in Benin City. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective quasi-experimental study using a pre- and post-test design. The intervention comprised health education based on the WKD 2016 school toolkits. A structured questionnaire comprising four-point Likert scales and visual analog scale (VAS) was administered thrice to assess participants' perception of CKD risk factors. F-test was used to detect significant difference among weighted mean scores. Multiple logistic regression identified predictors of improved knowledge. Results: A total of 561 persons took part in the study. Nearly half (42.5%) of them had adequate baseline perception of kidney functions and dysfunction. Knowledge levels improved at posttests 1 and 2-55.5% and 52.5%, respectively. There was an upward trend in their mean scores over the period (F = 12.771, P = 0.000). Furthermore, their mean VAS scores increased significantly (50.4 ± 35.4 vs. 58.1 ± 32.2 vs. 61.2 ± 27.8; F = 4.064, P = 0.018). Their gender (odds ratio [OR] = 3.20, confidence interval [CI]: 1.43–7.18; P = 0.005), class (OR = 0.83, CI: 0.08–0.97; P = 0.04), and type of institution (OR = 5.56, CI: 1.05–29.41; P = 0.04) influenced their knowledge of kidney disease prevention on VAS postintervention. Conclusion: The WKD 2016 campaign led to a sustained increase in the awareness of kidney disease preventive measures among the participants. Relevant school health instructions would sustain the gain.

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